小聊设计思想的提升,概览

合作社半年会后四处都在谈计划思想,各处都于加油。大家领导人依旧蛮跟得达风尚的嘛。因以加州苏黎世分校生意评论福布斯的报导后“设计思想”在生意中被大面积关注与施行起来。前些年美国一等商大学就拿统筹思想(design
thinking)纳入课程连串,加州圣巴巴拉分校高校起D.School等。在约翰Maeda《科技中的宏图》年报告,很多少深度店与独角兽的开山或高层里还生设计师在里边,像IBM和麦肯锡前段时间公布了这尽高级职业被针对设计师的任。从04年及2016年有过50家显赫规划公司受买断,其中15,16年来26贱。可见设计在商业的青睐,及规划思想的酷热。就算丰硕火,可能四个人看他像VR、大数据、共享自行车等正兴起的。实际上,“设计思想”(实际也是计划)做吗同一种植艺术已走过了平等段子非差的升华历史了。何不停止一下,了然一下前身和近况也。做了桌面研究后就是花费了接触时整治了该文,把自工业时代到现影响设计思想的人物做个小介绍,因涉嫌内容其实是最多矣,被推广上来的,纯粹是看哪人耳熟能详,哪些人记录的详实些,不对的地点要指正,感谢伟大之互联网,感谢为筹思想付诸实践的“先烈”们。

作者:Thomas Lockwood, University of Westminster PhD, Integrated design
Management.

1960前 包House的宏图思想,人文与铺张,国际现代主义和东风标致文化

涉工业革命,大萧条和世界第二次大战后的工业设计。 兼顾效用生产与美学为主的一时。

Design Thinking 概览

规划思想本质上是以用户也基本,强调考察,协作,急速学习,视觉化点子,神速概念原型,兼商业分析,末了影响改进和商业策略的翻新过程。他的目标是管顾客,设计师和生意人士组成至成品、服务要商业的设计过程及。它是怀想像将来状态和将产品,服务同体验带及市场高达之家伙。设计思想术语上来拘禁像是使设计师的机灵与法解决问题,不管问题是怎样的。它不可能代表专业设计师或模式与手艺设计,但它是诱导革新之均等栽办法。

计划思想的几乎单关键条件:

1.基为现场调研浓密了解消费者

2.以及用户和复合型团队一同协作,寻找突破性革新、显著提高及充实新价值及

3.通过视觉化,亲手体验与高速原型来加快学习,飞快得到用户举报。目的是透过快捷多次底败来博立异。

4.原型化,可以是概念草图,粗糙的情理模块,或故事角色板,或雷同组场景故事等

5.相举办商业分析,是死要紧的少数。

彼得·贝伦斯(Peter Behrens)

彼得·贝伦斯,德意志联邦共和国建筑师,工业规划的前人,第一各当代艺术设计师,是当代人的国手,包括无与伦比出名的现代主义建筑师
密斯·范德罗(坚韧不拔”少就凡多“的修历史学),勒·柯布西耶(效能主义之大),瓦尔特·格罗皮乌斯(包豪斯创始人),这三口且以外的工作室为他工作过。他是第一只尝试综合工艺及技能成的设计师。

Design Thinking / Design management / Design Leadership / Design strategy 的区别

笔者的视角是,
设计思想是相同种植助发现非显性的需求仍旧会,协理创立新的缓解方案的道。设计管理偏重于治本和领导设计团队,过程和计划性产出物(产品、服务、互换、环境与互动)。设计负责人和计划策略更多考虑的是计划性思想以及规划管理的频率和出现物上。

包House:全新设计策略的育

1919年格罗皮乌斯于德意志联邦共和国创建包豪斯(House),是第一所将贝伦斯的想法应用到高等教学中。密斯是最终一届校长。1930年以纳粹的下压力下关闭,高校的设计师们都搬向美利哥,世界二战后包豪斯(House)的筹划文学(平衡术、科学、技术、批量生产)引领美利哥底规划思想,随着那么些人口在美利坚联邦合众国每处落脚,设计之惦念运动吧当全美各地开。

设计思想在商业、品牌,服务统筹,客户体验上

革新驱动商业的距离,设计使得立异。

但我们的题目都远远超越了经贸问题,像MIT和威斯康星理工以解决之题材已经是系统层面的题目,像我们的食品供给系列,儿童肥胖,急救健康相当,作为一个设计师和计划思考者,有那般的机错过化解这样的问题是多么的心满意足,通过友好能影响及转社会问题。

设计协作和咨询在美国向上启动

1920-1930次及包House同发生震慑之美利坚同盟国工业与图片设计师,像 Harley Earl,
Henry Dreyfuss, 沃尔特 Dorwin Teague, and DonaldDesky(都是以美利哥落地之),那一个设计师将规划协作和咨询用在实践上,与包House的启蒙合影响在美利坚同盟国之图像及工业规划。

  • 哈利·厄尔 Harley
    Earl
    ,首各个在规划汽车及应用市场分策略的设计师

    Chevrolet Corvette

  • 雷蒙德·洛威 Raymond
    Loewy
    ,设计咨询升级现有技术产品
    当匪改动任何技术下,通过结合美学、材料、创设大大改观异常年代丑陋的家电产品,第一号上上《时代》的设计师。他的宏图不同为包House的“形式从效率”(Form
    Follows
    Function),较偏于市场主义的“格局从市场”,他就说过:“当商品以一如既往之价格同力量下竞争,设计虽是唯一的差别”。他创建及时最好深的宏图集团,接授设计委托,并盖“洛威设计”的名义宣布,“洛威设计”在非常年代是同种美设计之表示、销售保障的代名词,这同一作法在今日啊克见于一些设计公司。

    洛威的“阿汎提”设计草图,1963年

  • Henley·德雷福斯 Henry
    Dreyfuss
    ,把人因因素做为产品的主导设计
    于该1955年的刊登的《Designing for
    People》
    无异于挥毫被阐释了为食指呢遵照之筹划理念,以人数吧主干的规划极端早实践者和开拓者。

    Designing for People 书中节选

  • 保罗·兰德 Paul
    Rand
    ,将品牌识别和国际主义相结合
    IBM,ABC,FEEDX,西屋、NeXT等视觉系统的统筹,将包House倡导的现代方与规划思想与美学原则,应用及商业服务统筹中。

    IBM

ABC

“Design is relationship. Design is a relationship between form and
content.”

  • 乔治·尼尔森查里斯(Rhys)夫妇,为人家与办公室系统规划
    1945年乔治(George)·尼尔森(Nelson)于Herman
    Miller做设计总裁时虽拿设计思想带进了家具概念设计中,设计师不以单干而是同同样丛的设计师从系统环境之角度来拘禁产品设计。在当时无异意和策略下查Rhys和雷·埃蒙斯设计了Eames
    Loung
    Chair。Charles(Charles)平时鼓励工作人士多举行试验,他现已说他的希就是“和这些事为毫无用处的品类的人头合工作。那样会碰撞出新想的火苗。”

    Eames Loung Chair

Chapter 1 Notes on the Evolution of Design Thinking: A Work in Progress

进化中之计划思想

by Craig M. Vogel, Director of Center for Design Research and
Innovation, College of Design Architecture, Art and Planning, University
of Cincinnati

1960-1980 建立统筹执行,设计活动集中

设计执行在短短的20年时间跨度里,不仅再也定义了计划是呀,更是表达了她可以据此来举行啊。那么些相对短但非常密集的阶段于环球范围外生了少种植截然不同的宏图方。
60年份的美国=设计科学
60年份的美利哥,工业规划与产品设计取得的首先有点步的提升是明媒正娶上起工程以及对区分出。但他们连无移动得重远,工业设计尚是紧要基于可量化,可度量的问题跟事件。设计工作室平常以大学实验室或工厂,不像明日底工作室以城镇里暴发像咖啡厅一样的装饰。
意味着来像MIT的Fuller建立多学科的材料团队开展翻新。

60年代斯堪的纳维亚=协同计划
以平等期,Fuller不同的斯堪的纳维亚企划,通过邀请大学与计划商量。那么些设计师扮演促进者或指点者角色,每个人与咱们到工人或居民一起规划他们感念要动的活仍旧服务。开发了诸多低度改进的型,像Utopia,NJMF,DEMOkratiske
Stryringssystemer,DEMOS等接济工人,工会,工作场馆,政党部门应针对持续变动之条件。
那种工作章程直接适用于我们本取的劳动计划,这种工作措施严重依赖设计师的底限做边设计以及导,使用工具如”Mock-up
envisionment(模拟设想)”,未来围,协会游戏,合作原型,人种学领域商讨,社会调研等有新想法或改进水土保持。低度与
和佚代,集体商讨。
及20世纪80年份中,因为电脑的推广和HCI(人机交互)的开拓进取,斯堪的纳维亚之搭档规划终于迈出印度洋到United States,被广泛地称呼参与式设计。

PETER BEHRENS: CORPORATE IDENTITY AND BRAND DIFFERENTIATION

Peter Behrens (14 April 1868 – 27 February 1940) was a
German
architect
and
designer.
He was important for the modernist
movement
,
and several of the movement’s leading names (including Ludwig Mies van
der
Rohe
,
Le
Corbusier

and Walter
Gropius
)
worked for him in earlier stages of their careers. He was one of the
first designers who tried to synthesize the two polar positions of
technology and craft.

彼得·贝伦斯,德意志联邦共和国建筑师,工业设计往日任,第一各当代艺术设计师,是当代人的大师,包括无与伦比出名的现代主义建筑师
密斯·范德罗(坚韧不拔”少就凡是差不多“的建历史学),勒·柯布西耶(功用主义之大),瓦尔特·格罗皮乌斯(包豪斯(House)创办者),这三总人口且以外的工作室为他工作过。他是率先只尝试综合工艺及技巧成的设计师。

巴克minister Fuller 的是规划

1956年自从于MIT 创意工程实验室教师CADS(Comprehensive Anticipatory Design
Science)。他的实验室应用科学方法暴发设计。Fuller的道成立在工程师、工业设计师、材料专家、化学专家的才子团队的基础及开展更新。代表随笔有:Geodesic
Domestic, the Dymaxion car, Triton city, the “Fly’s Eye” Dome等。

the Dymaxion car

“设计师是综合了艺术家,发明家,机械师,经济专家和方针让同套。”

The BAUHAUS: A NEW DESIGN STRATEGY FOR EDUCATION

包House:全新设计策略的傅

1919年格罗皮乌斯在道义创设包豪斯(House),是率先所拿贝伦斯的想法应用至高等教学中。密斯是终极一到校长。1930年当纳粹的下压力下关闭,学校的设计师们还搬于美利坚合众国,第二次大战后包豪斯(House)的设计军事学(平衡术、科学、技术、批量生产)引领美利坚联邦合众国底计划性思想,随着这么些人口在美利坚合众国各样处落脚,设计之思想运动吧于全美各地放。

Scandinavian 协同计划

50年间盖简单、少、效用性,具有兼容性和民主性为特征之意有别于其他设计方的Scandinavian设计活动,在北欧国家平素本着系到今。受语言的绊脚石使得这同移动没有记录并传更广阔。60年间的Scandinavian协同计划以微机的人机交互和劳务计划达到生许多的进步。

Chairs at the Danish Design Center, Denmark

CORPORATE AND CONSULTING DESIGN IN THE UNITED STATES,设计协作和咨询在美利坚联邦合众国的提高

1920-1930中间及包豪斯(House)同来震慑之美利坚联邦合众国工业以及图表设计师,像 Harley Earl,
Henry Dreyfuss, Walter Dorwin Teague, and DonaldDesky(都是于美利坚联邦合众国出生之),这个设计师将规划协作和咨询用在实践上,与包豪斯(House)的启蒙达共同影响着美利坚合众国之图像及工业规划。

Harley Earl and General Motors: Market Segmentation in the Auto Industry

Harley Earl 美利坚联邦合众国篇位在设计汽车上以市场分策略,1927-1959

Raymond Loewy, Design Consultant: Updating Existing Technology

Loewy merged aesthetics, materials, and manufacturing to transform the
loud and ugly electric refrigerator of the 1920s into a modern kichen
appliance. The consumer response was immediate. In one year, sales of
Sears’s Cold Spot increased from 65,000 to 250,000 units – without any
significant change in core technology.

Henry Dreyfuss: Integrating Human Factors as a Core Component of Product
Design

Dreyfuss developed a more scientific approach to human factors and
integrated that perspective with product aesthetics. “to develop
individuals who will be competent to change their environment to greater
conformity with moral ideals.” This became the basis for Dreyfuss’s
human-centered approach. He expressed those ideas in his 1955 book,
Designing for people. Dreyfuss was a more articulate practitioner of
human-centered design than was Loewy.

Paul Rand and Elliot Noyes: Corporate Identity and the International
Movement

Noyes was educated as an architect at Harvard and studied under Gropius
and Bauhaus furniture designer Marcel Breuer. Rand, for his part, was
heavily influenced by what had come to be called the Swiss Style of
graphic design and helped to build a relationship between Switzerland’s
Basel school of Design and Yale University.

One of the first strategic design decisions Rand and Noyes conceived for
international Business Machines was to reduce its long and awkward name
to IBM. Modern identities, they believed, needed to be easy to read and
pronounce in all applications and all languages. The new logo and
identity system was integrated with an approach to curtain wall
architecture that was applied to the new buildings at IBM, as well as to
the outer panel construction design of mainframe computer systems.

George Nelson and Charles and Ray Eames: System Design for Home and Work

When George Nelson was appointed design director for Herman Miller in
1945, he brought a new level of design thinking to the concept of
furniture design for the home and office.

Modern office buildings were being designed using a systematic approach,
and Nelson saw the interior office landscape similarly-as a potential
opportunity for the application of modular design design systems. Each
individual piece of furniture would act as one in a series of flexible
parts with multiple configurations that would fit the modern open office
that had come into being in the 1950s and ’60s.

The husband-and-wife team of Charles and Ray Eames contributed some of
their most important designs under this new strategy. Both of them
studied at Michigan’s Cranbrook Academy of Art, and both were influenced
by Finnish architect Eliel Saarinen. The Eames lounge chair and airport
seating solution, for Herman Miller, are two of the most influential
design projects of the twentieth century.

The ideas and work of Charles and Ray Eames represent a unique and vital
branch of design thinking. Their work is as powerful and influential as
that of Frank Lloyd Wright; yet they are virtually unknown outside of
the fields of design and architecture.

Herbert A. Simon

西蒙以1969问世的人造科学中,给规划一个初的归类与止。西蒙(西蒙)看所有的统筹应吃视为人造品,是本来之周旋面。

“The engineer, and more generally the designer, is concerned with how
things ought to be — how they ought to be in order to attain goals,
and to function.”

“Everyone designs who devises courses of action aimed at changing
existing situations into preferred ones.”

FROM PRODUCT TO ENVIRONMENT AND SOCIAL CHANGE

In 1975 Bill Hannon founded the Design Management Institute(DMI) in
Boston, Massachusetts. This was the first professional organization in
the world dedicated to improving the role of design in business, and
helped to define design management as a new practice.

In 1976 Victor Papanek published his Design for the Real World, asking
designers to see the potential of design thinking for social and
environmental responsibility. He accused designers of catering to the
small percentage of consumers who have everything, while ignoring those
in lower income levels and emerging economies, as well as people with
disabilities.

In 1982, Ralph Caplan wrote in By design that Mahatma Gandhi’s concept
of nonviolent protest was one of the most effective design solutions in
history.

The Nobel laureate Herb Simon stated that there are really two types of
science. One concerns the world humans are responsible for producing(the
science of the artificial), and the other concerns the world in which
humans evolved(the science of the natural).

Science, engineering, and technology factor shifts have occurred in each
decade in the last century, opening new opportunities for designers. The
key ingredient for business success is the presence of both an
innovative 首席执行官 who sees design as an investment, not a cost, and a
strategic design director or consultant who can place the value of the
design at the center of the company. If either one leaves, the value of
design is jeopardized.
把规划作为是斥资在,是未是基金;设计策略是商家的着力;这半碰缺一不可才可能以前几日和前景改为改进使得之集团。

维克多(维克托(Victor))·帕帕奈克 也实际世界计划

1971年
帕帕奈克的《为真实世界计划》给当时之宏图行业投下了同样发很炸弹。帕帕奈克提议好对此规划目标性的初见解,即设计应当为大老百姓服务;设计不仅当也健康人劳动,同时还得考虑啊残疾人服务;设计应当认真考虑地球的少资源用问题,设计应
为保安大家住之地球的有限资
源服务。维克托(维克多)·帕帕奈克对黑色设计思潮有了直白影响,他首不佳指出了计划伦理的思想意识,即设计为什么?在“波普(波普)”设计活动的一样切开喧嚣的大潮中,起初有人打设计理论的角度庄敬提出“设计目标”问题。这对当代计划之伦理、现代计划的目标性理论来说,是很关键之一个起源。正为有是起点,日后的设计理论才现身了更加时刻不忘之向上。

Chapter 2 The Designful Company by Marty Neumeier

2008 Survey of Wicked Problems

  1. Balancing long-term goals with short-term demands
  2. Predicting returns on innovative concepts
  3. Innovating at the increasing speed of change
  4. Winning the war for world-class talent
  5. Combining profitability with social responsibility
  6. Protecting margins in a commoditizing industry
  7. Multiplying success by collaborating across silos
  8. Finding unclaimed yet profitable market space
  9. Addressing the challenge of eco-sustainability
  10. Aligning strategy with customer experience

A wicked problem is a puzzle so persistent, pervasive, and slippery that
it can seem insoluble.

Business at bottom is not mechanical but human. Today, we find that
innovation without emotion is uninteresting. Products without aesthetics
are not compelling, brands without meaning are undesirable, and business
without ethics is unsustainable. The management model that got us here
is underpowered to move us forward. To succeed, the new model must
replace the win-lose nature of the assembly line with the win-win nature
of the network.

商贸的下线无是机械而是食指。前天,我们发现改进没有心绪是绝非意思的。产品无美是没可比性的,品牌未曾意思价值是未谋面时有暴发欲望想只要之,而买卖没有伦理是不可持续的。

The sure cure for Deming’s diseases, as well as for the top ten wicked
problems, is design. It’s the accelerator for the company car, the
powertrain for sustainable profits. Design drives innovation, innovation
powers brand, brand builds loyalty, and loyalty sustains profits. If you
want long-term profits, don’t start with technology-start with design.

There are really only two main components for business success: brands
and their delivery. All other activities- operations, finance,
manufacturing, marketing, sales, communications, human relations,
investor relations- are subcomponents.

Horst Rittel, “Wicked Problem”的提议者

首批聚焦让规划艺术理论的探讨者之一,与外的前辈们不同,他主张人的体会与感在统筹时之重点。第一不良用气象学引入到体验设计着。

1980-1990 第二替代设计思想理论的产出

是时代人们将装有莫大创意的设计师和常见的宏图区分开来,把这一个设计师在显微镜下琢磨,试着摸来什么为他俩灵感大发生。在Nigel
Gross和唐纳德(Donald)Schön等探讨员调查探究这一个设计师独立工作时,及团伙合作时的统筹过程。从社会是角度他们注意到不管是个人或者集体协作时设计创意无限重大的凡设计师的想格局。这个规划过程的考察也新兴另外工作举办创设性思维打开了大门。

Nigel Gross

Nigel
Gross在啄磨规划方法从前是人机交互领域的钻探员。在外的精本澳门葡京,《Designerly
ways of
Knowing》
研商设计师的思想以及决定模式以及外专业不同的凡什么?这对于构建统筹思想有着好非常之熏陶。

“Everyone can — and does — design. We all design when we plan for
something new to happen, whether that might be a new version of a
recipe, a new arrangement of the living room furniture, or a new lay
tour of a personal web page. […] So design thinking is something
inherent within human cognition; it is a key part of what makes us
human.”

Donald Alan Schön

Donald Schön
背景是MIT的城市规划的教学和国学家,他的绝大多数办事于反对60年间的计划性专业的技术性。他支付之反思实践,对于规划过程的打响相当紧要。他的干活不仅大大影响了统筹,而且影响了团队上世界。

“The reflective practitioner allows himself to experience surprise,
puzzlement, or confusion in a situation which he finds uncertain or
unique. He reflects on the phenomenon before him, and on the prior
understandings which have been implicit in his behaviour. He carries
out an experiment which serves to generate both a new understanding of
the phenomenon and a change in the situation.”

1990-2005 服务计划与重重统筹工具的产出

这时代,设计的限第二破扩张。在90年代初设计之克从成立人工制品扩充到互相与劳务达标。这种转移帮助自Buchanan的《设计思想中的丑恶问题》一写商讨了设计缓解复杂问题、模糊目的的潜力。
到2003年,南美洲四海之大学与卡内基梅隆于所在先导上课服务统筹。服务统筹的勃兴,及复杂问题给出新的设计方法工具提供了好条件,包括也非设计师以及插手规划的工具。

Donald Norman, User-Centered Design

咀嚼是、人因工等统筹领域的资深世界。在1988年问世的《经常的宏图》提议
“UCD”以用户也要旨的统筹。
我们具有的设计应该按照“适合用记”这多少个大概的概念模型。他的观的骨干是“我们平日生活中的大多数知识且于条件上,而未是当脑力里”,以用户也主干的情势好了然用户的需要和发现左,并采纳行动解决。Norman的UCD设计思想开辟了新的计划性模式视角。

理查德(Richard) Buchanan,整合设计

Buchanan 原卡梅罗设计大学之长官,他因而将Rittel和Simon
的理论

Ezio
Manzini的宏图执行
互动挂钩,重新商讨了设计以缓解Wicked
Problems中的角色,在1992刊登的《Wicked Problems in Design
Thinking》
中画了一样长长的规划思想到改进之不二法门。在后头的有关计划思想的《Design
as a New Liberal
Art》中说设计开呢正式的力是“整合”,也许是为专业性的缺少,所以她还发出连续各样学科的可能。

Design has no subject matter — that’s what make this a powerful
discipline. We MAKE our subject matter.

莉兹(Liz) 桑德(Sander)s 工具开始者

桑德s,实验激情学与人类学的PhD. ,Make
Tools
的成立人,是下设计探讨领域的前任。今日游人如织盖食指吗中央的计划和规划思想中采取的家伙,技术及艺术还好落她。她为是搭档企划工具箱的合伙人,对于规划研讨感兴趣的人数吧,这么些是一个实用的指针。

Convivial ToolBox

This human-centered design revolution is causing us to rethink the
design process. In order to drive the human-centered design
revolution, we need to tap into the imaginations and dreams not only
of designers, but also of everyday people. New design spaces are
emerging in response to everyday people’s needs for creativity.

IDEO 融汇者

IDEO

IDEO1991年隔三差五由三小设计公司合而成为,分别是大卫 雷蛇ey
Design(南洋理工讲师 大卫 Kelley 创设),Based在伦敦(London)之Moggridge
Associates和当迈阿密之ID-Two(两者都是出于比尔 Moggridge创制), 及 Matrix
Product Design(由麦克(Mike) Nuttall
创设)。大约在Buchanan构建统筹思想的还要,IDEO完成了七只商店的联,在将来底十年提高面临,从学界以及设计执行吸引了一样批判好有影响力的人头在。
及同时期的宏图集团不同,他们还要请了人类学,商业战略,教育或者正常非凡不同领域的家来点与壮大他们计划团队及流程。这个多学科团队的方针在起几年晚收获了无数之光彩。
后她俩开推广设计思想以及因人数呢主导的规划,在d.school推出了引导计划,撰写书本,并当中外的大学实践推广。

David & Tom Kelley

IDEO七只我们当跟育工作,Kelley兄弟都是畅销书的撰稿人。
他们都擅长设计到信用社管理。他们合作之开《改进自信力》,讲述立异创意的见,帮助个人与机构释放潜能,树立改进自信。
疾速前之汤姆(Tom)Kelley的《立异的计》里亮了IDEO立异思想。

“It turns out that creativity isn’t some rare gift to be enjoyed by
the lucky few — it’s a natural part of human thinking and behavior. In
too many of us it gets blocked. But it can be unblocked. And
unblocking that creative spark can have far-reaching implications for
yourself, your organization, and your community.” Tom Kelley

Tim Brown

[Tim Brown]
(https://www.ideo.com/people/tim-brown)IDEOIDEO)的老董和工业设计师,
布朗(Brown)一向是计划性思想以及改进的积极倡导者 ,Design
thinking
。他编写了许多对准无设计师采纳计划思想方面的稿子,其中筹变更整个,设计思想怎样变革协会和激发立异。

In order to survive in today’s complex world, organizations need to
generate, embrace, and execute on new ideas. That takes creativity and
a creatively capable workforce. It’s the secret sauce, or in
evolutionary terms, it’s what keeps you fit. Organizations without it
can’t compete.

Jane Fulton Suri

有心思学和打学背景的IDEO 教母之如之Jane,
一向从为付出多IDEO以人耶以之宏图工具。引用其在IDEO的历程“她支付了移情观望与感受原型的艺,现在让广大用于产品、服务同条件,及系统、社团与策略的翻新与规划及。”她底书写《Thoughtless
Acts?》

显示了一贯观望与规划灵感中的涉。她近期撰写了《Design
Ethics》
的短篇。

Bill Moggridge

英国老牌产品设计师,工业设计教学,交互设计及IDEO开创者。他以采纳人性工程设计理论,同时也是现在产品设计主流理论的开发者。他设计了第一雅贝壳式台式机电脑,至今仍是台式机的主流外型。他编著之《关键设计报告》介绍了相互设计的历史,从Douglas
Engelbart
Will
Wright

Larry
Page

Sergey
Brin

I don’t think that anyone has really told (people) what design is. It
doesn’t occur to most people that everything is designed — that every
building and everything they touch in the world is designed. Even
foods are designed now. So in the process of helping people understand
this, making them more aware of the fact that the world around us is
something that somebody has control of, perhaps they can feel some
sense of control, too. I think that’s a nice ambition.

2002-现在 设计思想在商贸领域站据了一个根本之职务

起20年前设计思想起始吃提及,经历了多底迭代,近日才取认同。
设计咨询公司连“IDEO”,
数码智能设计公司要“青蛙”,软件设计集团只要“思特沃克”,服务统筹集团假使“肯定牛”等还在02-08年左右起调整好之商战略,现在就成企划行业之超越者。国内的营业所变更相比较晚到了二零一三年左右才起来调整,像Eico
Design。
要买卖擅长的店铺如麦肯锡等,也于2014年由通过收购计划公司展开战略的革命。[科技中的设计\ 2017](https://link.jianshu.com?t=https://designintechreport.files.wordpress.com/2017/03/dit-2017-1-0-1c-1.pdf)
劳务计划领域的上扬创设了协作规划与出席筹划之初工具和流程。多学科团队的搭档计划这同样生成打开了间立异,使设计过程对每个人再也透明与有效。除了在计划领域在生意领域为开动用计划思想以及搭档企划之尽。Fuad
卢克(Luke),Sanders 和Manzini就是这块的先行者。
向兼容性迈进的变化。随着智能手机的普及,微软提议要面向公众的筹划,带在空前的兼容性去考虑与工作[Inclusive\ design\ at\ Microsoft](https://link.jianshu.com?t=https://www.microsoft.com/en-us/design/inclusive)

Alistair Fuad-Luke

Fuad-Luke同一各项自称为专业设计主持人、翻译家、小说家及活动家,近日正值授课后来的筹划执行。他的种强调与社区与个人,社会福得和顶替经济网的放,合作,共同规划。他的题《Design
Activism》
《The
Eco-Design
Handbook》
座谈设计以可持续发展中之功用。

Deborah Szebeko

Szebeko23春秋时以大英帝国起家了ThinkPublic社会设计机构,专门从事公共部门和非政坛协会的计划性和更新。用合作计划要关注社会问题,他们早就获取了大半项殊荣。

We use a mixture of design processes. We’ve got a diversity of
designers, including service designers, graphics designers,
information designers, programmers, marketers, social scientists,
positive psychologists, and even anthropologists. This diversity of
experts bring different techniques related to their disciplines, and
this mixture creates a unique design process — we call it a co-design
process — whereby we capture public views.

Inclusive Design at Microsoft

Kat
holmes微软首席设计首席执行官,随着智能设备的常见,科技产品应关注群众,应该向兼容性迈进转变。设计个性具有包容,通过辨认排他性,大家能开对这一个以平时生活中以及未被欢迎的设计接触的用户建由与理心。

Inclusive Design at Microsoft

以资源来以下:
[1] Thomas Lockwood. Design Thinking (Design Management Institue,
2009)
[2] John Maeda. Design In Tech Report(2016,2017)
[3] Jo Szczepanska. What is design thinking, why do I keep hearing
about
it?

[4] A BRIEF HISTORY OF DESIGN THINKING: THE
THEORY

[5] David(大卫(David))·瑞兹曼. 现代设计史
[6] Stefanie Di Russo.Understanding the behaviour of design thinking
in complex environments(2016)
[7] Rikke Dam, Teo Siang. What is Design Thinking and Why Is It So
Popular?

[8] Sean Van Tyne. Design Thinking: A Brief
History

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